Identification and Assessment of Repeat Drug Overdose Visits at EDs in Virginia

The Virginia Department of Health (VDH) utilizes syndromic surveillance ED data to measure morbidity associated with opioid and heroin overdoses among Virginia residents. Understanding which individuals within a population use ED services for repeated drug overdose events may help guide the use of limited resources towards the most effective treatment and prevention efforts.

June 18, 2019

Lessons Learned from a DoD and Virginia Data Sharing Pilot using NSSP ESSENCE

The DoD and VDH both maintain local ESSENCE installations to monitor the health status of their military and civilian populations, respectively, and submit syndromic surveillance data to the NSSP ESSENCE to foster data sharing and collaborative initiatives among public health entities. Military Treatment Facilities (MTFs), housed on DoD installations, provide healthcare to all service members and their beneficiaries stationed in the area.

June 18, 2019

Coordinated Enhanced Surveillance with Healthcare Entities for Mass Gathering Events

Mass gatherings can result in morbidity and mortality from communicable and non-communicable diseases, injury, and bioterrorism. Therefore, it is important to identify event-related visits as opposed to community-related visits when conducting public health surveillance. Previous mass gatherings in Virginia have demonstrated the importance of implementing enhanced surveillance to facilitate early detection of public health issues to allow for timelyresponse.

August 21, 2017

Community Engagement among the BioSense 2.0 User Group

BioSense 2.0 has become a platform for technical receipt and analysis of syndromic surveillance data for many jurisdictions nationwide, as well as a collaborative effort that has engaged a larger community of syndromic surveillance practitioners, Governance Group, and federal agencies and organizations. The potential longterm benefits of BioSense 2.0 for resource and data sharing have at times been overshadowed by the short-term limitations of the system and disconnected efforts among the CoP.

October 10, 2017

Unintentional Drug Overdoses in Virginia: Analysis of Syndromic and Death Data

Drug overdoses and related deaths have been escalating nationally since 1970. In Virginia, the rate of drug overdose deaths increased 36% from 5.0 to 6.8 deaths per 100,000 population between 1999 and 2010. While initiated for bioterrorism event detection, syndromic surveillance has shown utility when extended to other health issues. ED visits may complement information from Overdose Deaths investigated by the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) in describing drug overdose trends.

November 06, 2017

Using Syndromic Surveillance Data to Describe Chronic High Frequency ED Utilization

Utilization and overcrowding of EDs has been a prominent component of the health care reform debate in the United States for the last several years. In Virginia, the ED utilization rate has increased 27.5% between 2000 and 2012 from 34.5 visits to 44.0 visits per 100 persons. Individuals with high frequency utilization of EDs account for a disproportionate number of visits, which can place burden on already strained health care resources.

December 29, 2017

Using GI Syndrome Data as an Early Warning Tool for Norovirus Outbreak Activity

Norovirus infection results in considerable morbidity in the United States where an estimated 21 million illnesses, 70,000 hospitalizations, and 800 deaths are caused by NV annually. Additionally, NV is responsible for approximately 50% of foodborne outbreaks. Between January 2008 and June 2012, 875 NV outbreaks were reported to the Virginia Department of Health (VDH).

July 13, 2018

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National Syndromic
Surveillance Program

The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, Center for Disease Control and Prevention programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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