Automated Real-Time Surveillance Using Health Indicator Data Received at Different Time Intervals

The Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory and the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center have developed a hybrid processing engine that alerts monitors when a severe health condition exists based on corroboration among several sources of data. The system was designed to ingest a day's worth of recent data and provide results to monitors daily. In some theaters, the health of the US Forces must be determined at near-real time rates requiring a reassessment of current surveillance practices.

August 22, 2018

Use of Severity Indicators in a Public Health Surveillance System

Data streams related to case severity have been added to the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE), a disease-monitoring application used by the Department of Defense (DoD), as an additional analytic capability to alert the user when indications for events requiring expanded medical resources exist in clinical data streams. Commonly used indicators are admission and death, but fatalities are rare and many DoD clinics lack admitting capability, so we sought to derive additional severity indicators from outpatient records.

May 02, 2019

Utility of Data Fusion for Public Health Monitors: Lessons Learned from a Beta Test

The Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center (AFHSC) supports the development of new analytical tools to improve alerting in the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE) disease-monitoring application used by the Department of Defense (DoD). Developers at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) have added an analytic capability to alert the user when corroborating evidence exists across syndromic and clinical data streams including laboratory tests and filled prescription records.

May 02, 2019

Establishing a Federal and State Data Exchange Pilot for Public Health Situational Awareness

ASPR deploys clinical assets, including an EMR system, to the ground per state requests during planned and no-notice events. The analysis of patient data collected by deployed federal personnel is an integral part of ASPR and FDOH’s surveillance efforts. However, this surveillance can be hampered by the logistical issues of field work in a post-disaster environment leading to delayed analysis and interpretation of these data to inform decision makers at the federal, state, and local levels.

March 19, 2018

Evaluation of ESSENCE in the Cloud Using Meaningful Use Syndromic Surveillance Data

In November of 2011 BioSense 2.0 went live to provide tools for public health departments to process, store, and analyze meaningful use syndromic surveillance data. In February of 2012 ESSENCE was adapted to support meaningful use syndromic surveillance data and was installed on the Amazon GovCloud. Tarrant County Public Health Department agreed to pilot the ESSENCE system and evaluate its performance compared to a local version ESSENCE they currently used.

May 14, 2018

Using Cloud Technology to Support Monitoring During High Profile Events

Hospital emergency departments in Cook and surrounding counties currently send data to the Cook County Department of Public Health (CCDPH) instance of ESSENCE on CCDPH servers. The cloud instance of ESSENCE has been enhanced to receive and export all meaningful use data elements in the meaningful use format. The NATO summit provided the opportunity for a demonstration project to assess the ability of an Amazon GovCloud instance of ESSENCE to ingest and process meaningful use data, and to export meaningful use surveillance data to the Cook County Locker in BioSense 2.0.

July 06, 2018

Operational Experience: Integration of ASPR Data into ESSENCE-FL during the RNC

Florida has implemented various surveillance methods to augment existing sources of surveillance data and enhance decision making with timely evidence based assessments to guide response efforts post-hurricanes. Historically, data collected from deployed federal assets have been an integral part of this effort.

July 09, 2018

A Demonstration of Meaningfully Using the ISDS Recommended Data Elements

National Health IT Initiatives are helping to advance the state of automated disease surveillance through incentives to health care facilities to implement electronic medical records and provide data to health departments and use collaborative systems to enhance quality of care and patient safety. While the emergence of a standard for the transfer of surveillance data is urgently needed, migrating from the current practice to a future standard can be a source of frustration.

May 02, 2019

The Evolution of ESSENCE

In development for over fourteen years, ESSENCE is a disease surveillance system utilized by public health stakeholders at city, county, state, regional, national, and global levels. The system was developed by a team from the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) with substantial collaborations with the US Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System (DoD GEIS), US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and numerous public health departments.

May 02, 2019

Essential Requirements for Effective Advanced Disease Surveillance

Advanced surveillance systems require expertise from the fields of medicine, epidemiology, biostatistics, and information technology to develop a surveillance application that will automatically acquire, archive, process and present data to the user. Additionally, for a surveillance system to be most useful, it must adapt to the changing environment in which it operates to accommodate emerging public health events that could not be conceived of when the initial system was developed.

 

Objective

July 30, 2018

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Contact Us

National Syndromic
Surveillance Program

Email:nssp@cdc.gov

The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, Center for Disease Control and Prevention programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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