Detecting Unanticipated Increases in Emergency Department Chief Complaint Keywords

Description: 

The CC text field is a rich source of information, but its current use for syndromic surveillance is limited to a fixed set of syndromes that are routine, suspected, expected, or discovered by chance. In addition to syndromes that are routinely monitored by the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (e.g., diarrhea, respiratory), additional syndromes are occasionally monitored when requested by outside sources or when expected to increase during emergencies. During Hurricane Sandy, we discovered by manual inspection of data for a few EDs an increase in certain words in the CC field (e.g., 'METHADONE', 'DIALYSIS', and 'OXYGEN') that led to the creation of a 'needs medication' syndrome. Current syndromic surveillance systems cannot detect unanticipated events that are not defined a priori by keywords. We describe a simple data-driven method that routinely scans the CC field for increases in word frequency that might trigger further investigation and/or temporary monitoring.

Objective

To detect sudden increases in word frequency in the Emergency Department (ED) syndromic chief complaint (CC) text field.

Primary Topic Areas: 
Original Publication Year: 
2013
Event/Publication Date: 
December, 2013

August 22, 2018

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National Syndromic
Surveillance Program

Email:nssp@cdc.gov

The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, Center for Disease Control and Prevention programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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