Detection of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Chief Complaint Data

Description: 

Following an Oct 12-13, 2006 snowstorm, almost 400,000 homes in western New York lost power, some for up to 12 days. News reports said that emergency rooms saw many patients with CO exposure; 3 deaths were attributed to CO poisoning. As part of NYS DOH’s syndromic surveillance system, electronic ED records with a free-text CC field listing the symptoms reported by the patient are sent to NYS DOH daily. Each CC is searched for text strings indicating complaints in one or more of 6 syndromes (asthma, fever, gastrointestinal (GI), neurological, respiratory, rash). The system also allows nonroutine searches of CCs for complaints of interest. NYS hospitals also submit ED records to the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) that include diagnostic codes assigned after evaluation of the patient (due within 30 days of each calendar quarter).

Objective

To assess the ability to identify cases of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning from chief complaints (CC) in hospital emergency department (ED) records submitted daily to the New York State (NYS) Department of Health (DOH) Electronic Syndromic Surveillance System.

Primary Topic Areas: 
Original Publication Year: 
2007
Event/Publication Date: 
October, 2007

March 26, 2019

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National Syndromic
Surveillance Program

Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention

Email:nssp@cdc.gov

The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, CDC programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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