Turning the Tide on the Opioid Epidemic

Presenters

Susan Robinson, Vaccine-Preventable Disease Epidemiologist, Arizona Department of Health Services

Erica Weis, Injury Prevention Epidemiologist, Arizona Department of Health Services

Background

March 27, 2019

Enhanced State Opioid Overdose Surveillance (ESOOS) Program Overview

These slides were presented at the Enhanced State Opioid Overdose Surveillance (ESOOS) Program Overview Partner meeting, led by CDC and organized by ASTHO in March of 2019. 

Presenters

Puja Seth, PhD – Lead, Epidemiology and Surveillance

Alana Vivolo-Kantor, PhD – Morbidity Lead

Christine L. Mattson, PhD – Mortality Lead

Objectives

March 27, 2019

Recommendations for Surveillance of EMS Data for Opioid Overdoses

Presented March 21, 2019.

FirstWatch Recommendations for Surveillance of EMS Data for Opioid Overdoses: https://www.firstwatch.net/finding-opioid-data/

March 29, 2019

An Assessment of Overdose Surveillance at a Local Public Health Department

Mirroring public health response to infectious disease outbreaks, many public health departments are taking an outbreak management approach to respond to drug overdose surges 1-3. The Marion County Public Health Department (MCPHD) has developed an overdose response plan (ORP) integrating drug overdose surveillance and community stakeholder response strategies. Effective drug overdose surveillance requires accurate and reliable data streams. This work assessed data sources utilized for county overdose surveillance and provided recommendations to improve overdose surveillance.

June 18, 2019

Evaluation of Syndromic Surveillance for Opioid Overdose Reporting in Illinois

Accuracy in identifying drug-related emergency department admissions is critical to understanding local burden of disease and assessing effectiveness of drug abuse prevention and overdose-reduction initiatives. In 2018 the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) began implementation of a mandatory opioid overdose reporting law, applicable to all hospital emergency departments (ED). The mandate requires reporting of patient demographics, causal substance and antagonist ED administration within 48 hours of presentation. This reporting is not name-based.

June 18, 2019

Opioid Seizures by Law Enforcement in Relation to Emergency Room Visits

In 2016, there were approximately 63,000 deaths nationally due to drug overdose. This trend continues to increase with the provisional number of US deaths for 2017 being approximately 72,000 (1). This increase in overdose deaths is fueled largely by the opioid class of drugs. The opioid epidemic began in the 1990s with a steady rise in prescription opioid overdoses. However, after 2010 a rise in heroin overdose deaths also began to occur.

June 18, 2019

An Assessment of the EMS Drug Overdose to Death Pathway from 2011 to 2017

Drug overdoses are now the leading cause of accidental death in the United States, with an estimated 60,000 deaths in 2016. Nationally, EMS overdose responses with naloxone administration have nearly doubled from 2012 to 2016 from 573.6 to 1004.4 per 100,000 EMS events. Resuscitation using the opioid antagonist, naloxone is recommended in cases of suspected opioid ODs, and has been increasingly used by EMS agencies, law enforcement, healthcare providers, and Good Samaritans.

June 18, 2019

Fatal Overdose Surveillance in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

The severity of the nationwide opioid epidemic necessitates a fully-informed and evidenced-based response on the part of public health organizations. To support that aim, Pennsylvania applied for and received the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Enhanced State Opioid Overdose Surveillance (ESOOS) grant.

June 18, 2019

Pulmonary Function should be the Surveillance Tool in Obese Children to Prevent Asthma

The mediating pathways in the obesity-asthma link are largely unknown. We aimed to investigate the mediating pathways and to search for the most prominent pathological mechanism between central obesity and childhood asthma.

Objective: To investigate the important mediator linking from obesity to childhood asthma

June 18, 2019

Analysis of Emergency Department Visits for Motor Vehicle Injuries in Utah, 2016

Motor vehicle injury is the leading cause of death in injury category in the United States. In 2016, motor vehicle crashes were one of the main causes of death resulting from injury (8.8 per 100,000 population) in Utah. Motor vehicle crashes can lead to physical and economic consequences that impact the lives of individuals and their families. In addition, the treatment of injuries places an enormous burden on hospital Emergency Departments (EDs).

June 18, 2019

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National Syndromic
Surveillance Program

Email:nssp@cdc.gov

The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, Center for Disease Control and Prevention programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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