Human-learned lessons about machine learning in public health surveillance

Presented December 13, 2018.

For public health surveillance, is machine learning worth the effort? What methods are relevant? Do you need special hardware? This talk was motivated by these and other questions asked by ISDS members. It will focus on providing practical—and slightly opinionated—advice about how to determine whether machine learning could be a useful tool for your problem.

Presenter

December 21, 2018

Digital Epidemiology: designing machine learning approaches to combine Internet-based data sources to monitor and forecast disease activity in multiple locations and spatial resolutions

Presented May 24, 2018.

Mauricio Santillana, MS, PhD describes machine learning methodologies that leverage Internet-based information from search engines, twitter microblogs, crowd-sourced disease surveillance systems, electronic medical records, and historical synchronicities in disease activity across spatial regions, to successfully monitor and forecast disease outbreaks in multiple locations around the globe in near real-time.

Presenter

May 24, 2018

Experience of GIS Technology Application in the Surveillance of Tick-Borne Infections

The epidemiological situation of natural foci of tick-borne infections (TBI) in Ukraine, as well as globally, is characterized by significant activation of processes due to global climate change, growing human-induced factor and shortcomings in the organization and running of epidemiological surveillance. For the Western region of Ukraine, among all tick-borne zoonoses the most important are tick-borne viral encephalitis (TBVE), Lyme disease (LD), human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) and some others.

January 25, 2018

Nonparametric Models for Identifying Gaps in Message Feeds

Timely and accurate syndromic surveillance depends on continuous data feeds from healthcare facilities. Typical outlier detection methodologies in syndromic surveillance compare predictions of counts for an interval to observed event counts, either to detect increases in volume associated with public health incidents or decreases in volume associated with compromised data transmission.

January 25, 2018

Spatial temporal cluster analysis to enhance awareness of disease re-emergence on a global scale

The re-emergence of an infectious disease is dependent on social, political, behavioral, and disease-specific factors. Global disease surveillance is a requisite of early detection that facilitates coordinated interventions to these events. Novel informatics tools developed from publicly available data are constantly evolving with the incorporation of new data streams. Re-emerging Infectious Disease (RED) Alert is an open-source tool designed to help analysts develop a contextual framework when planning for future events, given what has occurred in the past.

January 25, 2018

What value can Google search data add to existing syndromic surveillance systems?

Globally, there have been various studies assessing trends in Google search terms in the context of public health surveillance1. However, there has been a predominant focus on individual health outcomes such as influenza, with limited evidence on the added value and practical impact on public health action for a range of diseases and conditions routinely monitored by existing surveillance programmes. A proposed advantage is improved timeliness relative to established surveillance systems.

January 25, 2018

Social Network Analysis across Healthcare Entities, Orange County, FL, 2016

In the realm of public health, there has been an increasing trend in exploration of social network analyses (SNAs). SNAs are methodological and theoretical tools that describe the connections of people, partnerships, disease transmission, the interorganizational structure of health systems, the role of social support, and social capital1.

January 19, 2018

Automated Processing of Electronic Data for Disease Surveillance

National initiatives, such as Meaningful Use, are automating the detection and reporting of reportable disease events to public health, which has led to more complete, timely, and accurate public health surveillance data. However, electronic reporting has also lead to significant increases in the number of cases reported to public health. In order for this data to be useful to public health, it must be processed and made available to epidemiologists and investigators in a timely fashion for intervention and monitoring.

January 25, 2018

Forecasting Emergency Department Admissions for Pneumonia in Tropical Singapore

Pneumonia, an infection of the lung due to bacterial, viral or fungal pathogens, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In the past few decades, the threat of emerging pathogens presenting as pneumonia, such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, avian influenza A(H5N1) and A(H7N9), and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus has emphasised the importance of the surveillance of pneumonia and other severe respiratory infections.

January 19, 2018

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INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR
DISEASE SURVEILLANCE

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Email:syndromic@syndromic.org

This Knowledge Repository is made possible through the activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement/Grant #1 NU500E000098-01, National Surveillance Program Community of Practice (NSSP-CoP): Strengthening Health Surveillance Capabilities Nationwide, which is in the interest of public health.

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