Acute Flaccid Myelitis – Surveillance updates and CDC activities, 2018

Presented December 20, 2018.

The presentation will provide a summary of the epidemiology of AFM during the increase in cases in 2018 and updates on CDC’s AFM activities.

Presenters

Adriana Lopez, MHS, Epidemiologist, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases 

Zach Stein, MPH, Syndromic Surveillance Analyst, ICF Contractor Supporting Division of Health Informatics and Surveillance, Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology and Laboratory Services 

December 21, 2018

Anthrax Assist: Modeling Tool for Planning and Decision Support During Early Days of an Anthrax Event

Presented April 24, 2018.

*This article was selected as the second prize awardee of the 2018 ISDS Awards for Outstanding Research Articles in Biosurveillance in the category of "Scientific Achievement."

April 24, 2018

Streamlining Foodborne Disease Surveillance with Open-Source Data Management Software

The National Surveillance Team in the Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) collects electronic data from all state and regional public health laboratories on human infections caused by Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli, and Shigella in LEDS. These data inform annual estimates of the burden of illness, assessments of patterns in bacterial subtypes, and can be used to describe trends in incidence.

January 21, 2018

Modelling the transmission and control strategies of varicella in Shenzhen

Varicella (chickenpox) is a highly transmissible childhood disease. Between 2010 and 2015,it displayed two epidemic waves annually among school populations in Shenzhen, China. However, their transmission dynamics remain unclear and there is no school-based vaccination programme in Shenzhen to-date. In this study, we developed a mathematical model to compare a school-based vaccination intervention scenario with a baseline (i.e. no intervention)scenario.

Objective:

January 25, 2018

Fleas as Vectors of Especially Dangerous Infections in Jermuk Region, 2010-2016

The Jermuk region of the Zangezur mezofocus is part of the transcaucasian highland focus of plague. This enzootic area is polyvectorial. The mezofocus has rich fauna with approximately eight species of fleas: Callopsylla caspia, Ctenophthalmus wladimiri, Frontopsylla elata, Amphipsylla rossica, Leptopsylla taschenbergi, Nosopsyllus consimilis, Palaeopsylla vartanovi, and Doratopsylla dampfi. Ct. wladimiri is the most abundant. However, special attention should be paid to C. caspia and N. consimilis as they are the only vectors specific for Yersinia pestis.

January 21, 2018

Medicaid claims data to supplement Zika-related birth defects case identification

As a part of the Zika Birth Defects Surveillance, a national effort coordinated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), NYC is conducting enhanced surveillance of all births with defects included in the congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) phenotype among infants born in NYC beginning in 2016. The intent of the project is to provide background on the prevalence of these conditions, regardless of cause.

January 25, 2018

Refocusing the Vietnam HIV surveillance to the most burden areas for epidemic control

The Vietnam National HSS was established in 1994. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, when the epidemic was increasing rapidly, the HSS helped with the intensive close monitoring of the HIV epidemic. In its first 10 years, the HSS was rapidly expanded from 6 to 40 provinces and in some years, it was conducted semi-annually. After two decades, the HIV epidemic situation has changed. In most provinces, HIV prevalence has reported to have declined. Compared to the peak period, the HIV prevalence among key populations (KP) in the past decade decreased from 40-60% to 20% or lower.

January 21, 2018

Conducting operational research during outbreaks to improve preparedness and response

Each significant outbreak and epidemic raises questions that must be answered in order to better inform future preparedness and response efforts, such as:

January 25, 2018

Increase of Scarlet fever in March 2017 in France: right or wrong signal?

Since 2004, the French syndromic surveillance system SurSaUD® coordinated by the French Public Health Agency (Sante publique France) daily collects morbidity data from two data sources: the emergency departments (ED) network Oscour® and the emergency general practitioners associations SOS Medecins. Almost 92% of the French ED attendances are recorded by the system. SOS Medecins network is a group of 62 associations of general practitioners, dispatched all over the territory. Sante publique France received data from 61 out of 62 associations.

January 25, 2018

Influenza Sentinel Surveillance System in Surb Astvatsamayr Medical Center, 2013-15

Influenza is a priority in Armenia. There are two influenza surveillance systems in Armenia: population and sentinel. The medical center (MC) has been included in sentinel surveillance since 2012. In 2015 a study was undertaken to identify gaps in severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) sentinel surveillance system in Surb Astvatsamayr MC.

Objective:

The goal of this study was to identify gaps in the severe acute respiratory infection sentinel surveillance system at Surb Astvatsamayr Medical Center.

January 21, 2018

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