Acute Flaccid Myelitis – Surveillance updates and CDC activities, 2018

Presented December 20, 2018.

The presentation will provide a summary of the epidemiology of AFM during the increase in cases in 2018 and updates on CDC’s AFM activities.


Adriana Lopez, MHS, Epidemiologist, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases 

Zach Stein, MPH, Syndromic Surveillance Analyst, ICF Contractor Supporting Division of Health Informatics and Surveillance, Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology and Laboratory Services 

December 21, 2018

Anthrax Assist: Modeling Tool for Planning and Decision Support During Early Days of an Anthrax Event

Presented April 24, 2018.

*This article was selected as the second prize awardee of the 2018 ISDS Awards for Outstanding Research Articles in Biosurveillance in the category of "Scientific Achievement."

April 24, 2018

Fleas as Vectors of Especially Dangerous Infections in Jermuk Region, 2010-2016

The Jermuk region of the Zangezur mezofocus is part of the transcaucasian highland focus of plague. This enzootic area is polyvectorial. The mezofocus has rich fauna with approximately eight species of fleas: Callopsylla caspia, Ctenophthalmus wladimiri, Frontopsylla elata, Amphipsylla rossica, Leptopsylla taschenbergi, Nosopsyllus consimilis, Palaeopsylla vartanovi, and Doratopsylla dampfi. Ct. wladimiri is the most abundant. However, special attention should be paid to C. caspia and N. consimilis as they are the only vectors specific for Yersinia pestis.

January 21, 2018

Use of Rapid Online Data Collection during a Large Community Enteric Outbreak in Toronto, Canada

In the early morning of Friday January 20, 2017, Toronto Public Health (TPH) was notified of several reports of acute vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pain/cramps among students living in residence at a post-secondary institution in Toronto, Canada. A public health investigation was initiated and it was quickly determined that a large number of students and visitors to the campus were affected.

January 25, 2018

Temporal Patterns in Chlamydia Repeat Testing and Positivity Rates in Massachusetts

Sexually transmitted disease treatment guidelines have incrementally added repeat testing recommendations for Chlamydia trachomatis infections over time, including test-of-cure 3 to 4 weeks following completion of treatment for pregnant women and test-of-reinfection for all patients approximately 3 months after infection. However, few studies have investigated adherence to these recommendations and whether the evolution of guidelines have led to changes in repeat testing patterns over time.


January 21, 2018

Acute Flaccid Paralysis Surveillance System Evaluation, Ebonyi State Nigeria, 2017

Nigeria is one of the three countries in the world with ongoing wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission, alongside Afghanistan and Pakistan. Nigeria also experiences outbreaks of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2). Following the detection of WPV1 in northern Nigeria in 2016, after more than two years without WPV transmission, the country continues to implement an emergency response to the detected WPV1 and cVDPV2 strains. This resurgence of polio cases underscores the risk posee by low-level undetected transmission and the need to strengthen subnational surveillance.

January 25, 2018

Princess Marina Hospital HIV rates: Interrupted time series analysis for policy review

HIV testing remains the mainstay of optimal HIV care and is pivotal to control and prevention of the disease, however efforts to attain optimal testing levels have been undermined by low HIV testing especially in developing countries. Botswana in response, amended its Public Health Act in September 2013 but the effect of this action on facility based HIV testing rates has not been evaluated.


We aimed to assess the effect of the amended Public Health act of 2013 on facility-based HIV testing in Princess Marina Hospital.

January 21, 2018

Analisis of leptospirosis lethal cases in Lviv region

Mortality rate of leptospirosis in Ukraine remains high year after year. The study of the peculiarities of lethal cases over a long period enables researchers to specify possible mechanisms of infection which cause the development of the severest cases of leptospirosis and to prevent disease emergence by applying adequate preventive measures.


Study of the structure of lethal cases in patients diagnosed with leptospirosis in the Lviv Region.

January 25, 2018

NBIC Collaboration at Multiple Jurisdictional Levels During the Zika Epidemic

NBIC is charged with enhancing the capability of the Federal Government to enable early warning and shared situational awareness of acute biological events to support better decisions through rapid identification, characterization, localization, and tracking. A key aspect of this mission is the requirement to integrate and collaborate with federal and, state, local, tribal, and territorial (SLTT) government agencies.

January 25, 2018

Refocusing the Vietnam HIV surveillance to the most burden areas for epidemic control

The Vietnam National HSS was established in 1994. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, when the epidemic was increasing rapidly, the HSS helped with the intensive close monitoring of the HIV epidemic. In its first 10 years, the HSS was rapidly expanded from 6 to 40 provinces and in some years, it was conducted semi-annually. After two decades, the HIV epidemic situation has changed. In most provinces, HIV prevalence has reported to have declined. Compared to the peak period, the HIV prevalence among key populations (KP) in the past decade decreased from 40-60% to 20% or lower.

January 21, 2018


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