Assessing the burden of arboviral diseases using a multiplexed serological survey in French Guiana

Arboviral infections have become a significant public health problem with the emergence and re-emergence of arboviral diseases worldwide in recent decades. Given the increasing number of cases, geographic spread, but also health, social and economic impact of arboviral outbreaks, estimating their true burden represents a crucial issue but remains a difficult task.

June 18, 2019

Knowledge of Malaria and Antimalarial Drug Dispensing Practices in Buea Community

Lack of knowledge of rational use of antimalarial drugs among dispensers is a serious problem, especially in areas of intense transmission thus increasing the risk of resistance and adverse drug reactions.

Objective: This study was aimed at assessing the knowledge of malaria as well as perception and dispensing practices of antimalarials among vendors in Buea community.

June 18, 2019

Wastewater as an Indicator of Virus Circulation among Population of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Ukraine

The main reservoir of intestinal viruses in the environment is human feces and contaminated wastewater. Sewage contamination preconditions further contamination of surface water serving as a source of water supply [2,7,8]. High resistance to physical and biological exposures ensures long-term survival of the viruses in water with various type and level of contaminants, especially in sewage. Detection of enteroviruses of a specific serotype in sewage indicates a significant number of people releasing the virus with feces [1,2].

June 18, 2019

Malaria: A New Model for Disease Eradication

Defines the current state of impact of malaria. positioning the disease as leading cause of death by disease worldwide. In last 12 years, seven million lives have been saved with a reduction of 60% in fatalities. 

The presentation draws parallels between malaria and polio eradication and estimates a $2 trillion economic benefit through disease eradication. Malaria No More has established a goal and models for disease eradication. 

Methods: 

June 28, 2019

Comparison and diagnosis of Entamoeba in stool sample from rural community of Nepal

Nepal being a developing country has many health problems, which escalate in intensity at different times of the year or in epidemic form. Amebiasis is one of the infectious diseases that is highly seen in rural area of Nepal caused by Entamoeba species. Recent reports show that open defecation, drinking untreated water, unsanitary habits and lack of basic health knowledge cause higher mortality and morbidity in our country. E. histolytica is an anaerobic pathogenic parasitic. However, E. dispar and E.moshkovskii exits as non-pathogenic. Likewise, E. histolytica, E. dispar and E.

June 18, 2019

Laboratory Based Of Surveillance For Leptospirosis in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine

Leptospirosis is one of the most important zoonotic diseases based on the severity of the clinical course, frequency of fatal outcome and long-term clinical consequences. In Ukraine, leptospirosis is one of the most widespread natural-focal infectious diseases. Based on data of the Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine in 2017, the incidence rate was 0.77 per 100,000 population (330 cases), mortality rate was 0,08 per 100 000 population (case fatality rate was 10,9 %).

June 18, 2019

Zika Pregnancy Surveillance: Transforming Data into Educational and Clinical Tools

Little was known about the maternal and fetal/infant effects of Zika infection before the 2015 outbreak in the Americas, which made it challenging for public health practitioners and clinicians to care for pregnant women and infants exposed to Zika. In 2016, CDC implemented a rapid surveillance system, the US Zika Pregnancy and Infant Registry, to collect information about the impact of Zika infection during pregnancy and inform the CDC response and clinical guidance.

June 18, 2019

Polio Endgame: Innovations in Surveillance

Background: Provides a definition of eradication and of the disease: that it affects mostly children, results in paralysis in some cases and is preventable through vaccination. 

The disease is nearly eradicated, but remains in three countries, which reported 22 cases in 2017. Eradication practices continue with 400 million vaccinations annually. 

Surveillance: Virus detection activities currently take place in 70 countries to both detect new cases and gain evidence for certification of eradication.  

Innovations in environmental surveillance are detailed. 

 

June 28, 2019

Contact tracing in Lassa fever Outbreak Response, an effective strategy for control?

Contact tracing is an important strategy employed in surveillance to aid prompt detection of infectious disease and control outbreaks. It involves the identification of those who have come in contact with an infectious person and following them up for the duration of the incubation period of the disease to promptly detect symptoms and signs and institute treatment thus reducing chances of disease spread to other susceptible individuals. It is a primary means of disease prevention.

June 18, 2019

Leaving a Mobile Footprint: Utilizing Data to Combat the 2017 - 2018 Influenza Season

The 2017 - 2018 influenza season was classified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as "high severity"™ across all age groups. Furthermore, CDC noted that this was the first year to be categorized as such, with the highest peak percentage of influenza-like-illnesses (ILI), since 2009. In Harris County alone, there were 2,665 positive flu tests reported in comparison to the previous season at 1,395 positive tests.

June 18, 2019

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The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, Center for Disease Control and Prevention programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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