Welcome to the Surveillance Knowledge Repository

Click on a topic under the Key Topic Areas section in the left column, then select a resource  from the list of resources that appear for that topic. You may also search for specific topics by entering one or more keywords in the Search bar. You can filter the search results by Content Type, Year, or Author Name.


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Public health disease surveillance is defined as the ongoing systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of health data for use in the planning, implementation and evaluation of public health, with the overarching goal of providing information to government and the public to improve... Read more

Content type: Abstract

As technology advances, the implementation of statistically and computationally intensive methods to detect unusual clusters of illness becomes increasingly feasible at the state and local level [2]. Bayesian methods allow for the incorporation of prior knowledge directly into the model, which... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The CC text field is a rich source of information, but its current use for syndromic surveillance is limited to a fixed set of syndromes that are routine, suspected, expected, or discovered by chance. In addition to syndromes that are routinely monitored by the NYC Department of Health and... Read more

Content type: Abstract

ARIMA models use past values (autoregressive terms) and past forecasting errors (moving average terms) to generate future forecasts, making it a potential candidate method for modeling citywide time series of syndromic data [1]. While past research supports the use of ARIMA modeling as a... Read more

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The NYC syndromic surveillance system has been monitoring syndromes from NYC emergency department (ED) visits for over a decade. We applied several aberration detection methodologies to a time series of ED visits in NYC spiked with synthetic outbreaks. This effort is part of a larger evaluation... Read more

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The role of public health in preparing for, responding to, and recovering from emergencies has expanded as a result of the massive impact recent disasters have had on affected populations. Nearly every large-scale disaster carries substantial public health risk and requires a response that... Read more

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Data from the Emergency Departments (EDs) of 49 hospitals in New York City (NYC) is sent to the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) daily as part of the syndromic surveillance system. Currently, thirty-four of the EDs transmit data as flat files. As part of the Center for Medicare... Read more

Content type: Abstract

In 2012, an outbreak of Mycobacterium chelonae infections in tattoo recipients in Rochester, NY was found to be associated with premixed tattoo ink contaminated before distribution.1 In May 2012, a case of M. chelonae was reported in a New York City (NYC) resident who received a tattoo with ink... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The New York City (NYC) syndromic surveillance system has monitored syndromes from NYC emergency department (ED) visits since 2001, using the temporal and spatial scan statistic in SaTScan for aberration detection. Since our syndromic system was initiated, alternative methods have been proposed... Read more

Content type: Abstract

An interdisciplinary team convened by ISDS to translate public health use-case needs into well-defined technical problems recently identified the need for new pre-syndromic surveillance methods that do not rely on existing syndromes or pre-defined illness categories1. Our group has recently... Read more

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National Syndromic
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The National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) is a collaboration among states and public health jurisdictions that contribute data to the BioSense Platform, public health practitioners who use local syndromic surveillance systems, Center for Disease Control and Prevention programs, other federal agencies, partner organizations, hospitals, healthcare professionals, and academic institutions.

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