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The outbreak of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in Africa in 2014 presented a major threat and concern across the world, spreading to two other continents (Europe and North America). Though the epidemic is on a downward trend, there is a need to evaluate the performance of the systems in place to... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Wholesome food in adequate quantities is essential to human beings for their existence. However, diseases spread due to contaminated food are a common problem throughout the world and an important cause of reduced economic productivity. Food borne illness can, therefore, be considered a major... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Electronic data that could be used for global health surveillance are fragmented across diseases, organizations, and countries. This fragmentation frustrates efforts to analyze data and limits the amount of information available to guide disease control actions. In fields such as biology,... Read more

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Syndromic surveillance has been used by state agencies to collect real-time information on disease outbreaks but has not been used to collect data in the occupational setting. Therefore, OHS staff has begun evaluating a real-time surveillance tool to track a variety of occupationally-related... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Clostridium difficile (CD), a gram-negative, anaerobic, sporeforming bacterium causes symptoms ranging from mild to severe diarrhea and may result in death. Approximately 75% of CDI cases have symptom onset outside of health care settings. Annual US costs of treatment and infection containment... Read more

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Today, Internet, especially Wikipedia, is an important part of everyday life. People can notably use this popular free online encyclopedia to search health-related information. Recent studies showed that Wikipedia data can be used to monitor and to forecast influenza-like illnesses in near real... Read more

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Rabies is a zoonotic disease caused by an RNA virus from the family Rhabdoviridae, genus Lyssavirus. Worldwide distributed, control of rabies has been considered to be particularly amenable to a “One Health” strategy (1). In Chile, rabies was considered endemic in domestic dog population until... Read more

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Taking into account reporting delays in surveillance systems is not methodologically trivial. Consequently, most use the date of the reception of data, rather than the (often unknown) date of the health event itself. The main drawback of this approach is the resulting reduction in sensitivity... Read more

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The North Dakota Department of Health (NDDoH) collects outpatient ILI data through North Dakota Influenza-like Illness Network (ND ILINet), providing situational awareness regarding the percent of visits for ILI at sentinel sites across the state. Because of increased clinic staff time devoted... Read more

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 Influenza surveillance is conducted through a complex network of laboratory and epidemiologic systems essential for estimating population burden of disease, selecting influenza vaccine viruses, and detecting novel influenza viruses with pandemic potential (1). Influenza surveillance faces... Read more

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This Knowledge Repository is made possible through the activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement/Grant #1 NU500E000098-01, National Surveillance Program Community of Practice (NSSP-CoP): Strengthening Health Surveillance Capabilities Nationwide, which is in the interest of public health.

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