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Influenza affects millions of people and causes about 36,000 deaths in the United States each winter. Pandemics of influenza emerge at irregular intervals. National influenza surveillance is used to detect the emergence and spread of influenza virus variants and to monitor influenza-related... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Calls to NHS Direct (a national UK telephone health advice line) which may be indicative of infection show marked seasonal variation, often peaking during winter or early spring. This variation may be related to the seasonality of common viruses. There is currently no routine microbiological... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The New York State (NYS) Medicaid Program provides healthcare for 34% of the population in New York City (NYC) and 4%-20% in each of the 57 county populations up-state. Prescription data are collected through the sub-mission of claims forms to the Medicaid Program and transmitted daily to the... Read more

Content type: Abstract

A number of syndromic surveillance systems include tools that quickly identify potentially large disease outbreak events. However, the high falsepositive rate continues to be a problem in all of these systems. Our earlier work has showed that multi-source information fusion can improve ... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Lymphatic filariasis is one of the most prevalent of the tropical diseases, but is also the most neglected.Though significant advances have been made in the understanding both the disease and its control, there is general lack of information about its socioeconomic effects, prevalence and... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The first prototype syndromic surveillance in Japan was used during the G8 summit meeting in 2000 with two local prefectures involved. The second trial syndromic surveillance and the first internet-based surveillance used in 2002 for the Japan-Korea 2002 World Cup soccer games. Since 2002,... Read more

Content type: Abstract

This paper describes the early warning that has been activated by the syndromic surveillance system installed within the Armed Forces in French Guiana and the consequences for Public Health decisions.

Content type: Abstract

The aerosol release of a pathogen during a bioterrorist incident may not always be caught on environmental sensors - it may be too small, may consist of a preparation that is coarse and heavy (and consequently precipitates quickly) or may simply have occurred in an uninstrumented location. In... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Objective

To enable the early detection of pandemic influenza, we have designed a system to differentiate between severe and mild influenza outbreaks. Historic information about previous pandemics suggested the evaluation of two specific discriminants: (1) the rapid development of disease... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Although rare in the US, the CDC reports 13-14 drinking-water-related disease outbreaks per year, affecting an average of about 1000 people. The US EPA has determined that the distribution system is the most vulnerable component of a drinking water system. Recognizing this vulnerability, water... Read more

Content type: Abstract

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This Knowledge Repository is made possible through the activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement/Grant #1 NU500E000098-01, National Surveillance Program Community of Practice (NSSP-CoP): Strengthening Health Surveillance Capabilities Nationwide, which is in the interest of public health.

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