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Reporting of binational cases has been enacted in Arizona systematically since 2007. Investigating binational cases and providing binational counterparts with timely information can help to enact interventions, as well as strengthens communication between binational, federal, and local health... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Absenteeism has great advantages in promoting the early detection of epidemics. School absenteeism surveillance could timely detect the aggregations of absentees in time and space, so as to provide effective early warning and prevention and control of infectious diseases outbreaks in schools.... Read more

Content type: Abstract

As technology advances, the implementation of statistically and computationally intensive methods to detect unusual clusters of illness becomes increasingly feasible at the state and local level [2]. Bayesian methods allow for the incorporation of prior knowledge directly into the model, which... Read more

Content type: Abstract

It is increasingly critical to test antibiotics on local bacterial strains, due to the continuously growing resistance of microflora to extensively administered antibacterial medications. For this study, we examined the development of antimicrobial resistance of Salmonellae collected in... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is a strain of Staphylococcus aureus resistant to methicillin/oxacillin. The high incidence of resistance to most commonly used antibiotics including carbapenems and cephalosporins among strains of MRSA present challenges to the management of... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Biosurveillance in resource-limited settings is essential because of both enhanced risk of diseases rarely seen elsewhere (e.g. cholera) and pandemic threats (e.g. avian influenza). However, access to care and laboratory test capability are typically inadequate in such areas, amplifying the... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The IDSP is the key indicator based surveillance system in the country to fulfill the core surveillance and response functions requirement under the IHR–2005. Periodic reviews of the IDSP in the country have shown that it has been ineffective in meeting its main objective of disease control in... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Comparison of heat-related health effects across regions or among different syndromic surveillance systems is problematic due to the lack of a standardized heat-related syndrome definition. While a national standard for common heat-related syndromes would facilitate data comparisons, local... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Early warning surveillance (EWS) is a key factor in the fight against tropical infectious diseases(1). However, the process of carrying out EWS is complex as it involves several actors and requires the use of diverse human, material and technological resources for data collection, analysis, and... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Adverse childhood experiences are childhood traumas which influence the developing child and derail healthy developmental processes. The developing child attempt to cope by adopting health risk behaviors such as smoking which has been associated with adverse health outcomes which may not be... Read more

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This Knowledge Repository is made possible through the activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement/Grant #1 NU500E000098-01, National Surveillance Program Community of Practice (NSSP-CoP): Strengthening Health Surveillance Capabilities Nationwide, which is in the interest of public health.

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